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Apostle1.gif (12919 bytes)Hebrew History Lesson 6


Distributed by: Internet Bible Studies

Contact: David Parham 940-322-4343

Last week in Lesson 5, we saw Og, king of Bashan, go out against Israel. When we choose to fight against God, we will always lose. But when we are on God's side, we are on the winning side everytime. This week, we cover the 6th of 17 lessons on Hebrew History.

Num 21:32 And Moses sent to spy out Jaazer, and they took the villages thereof, and drove out the Amorites that were there.

Num 21:33 And they turned and went up by the way of Bashan: and Og the king of Bashan went out against them, he, and all his people, to the battle at Edrei.

Num 21:34 And the LORD said unto Moses, Fear him not: for I have delivered him into thy hand, and all his people, and his land; and thou shalt do to him as thou didst unto Sihon king of the Amorites, which dwelt at Heshbon.

Num 21:35 So they smote him, and his sons, and all his people, until there was none left him alive: and they possessed his land.

We see in verse 32 that Moses sends out men to spy out the land of Jaazer. As they turn to go up by Bashan, the king, Og, goes out to battle them. Israel takes on the battle at Edrei. This battle and the one against Sihon were both fought on the east side of Jordan. We see that Israel wins this battle and takes the land as they did everytime that God went to battle for them. Do you remember the fear that all the men had when Goliath challenged the nation and asked for anyone to step out and fight the giant. No one would dare go and battle him. But the little shepherd boy, David, came on the scene and was not the least bit fearful of the giant. And why was that? Was he so na´ve to be considered unable to think clearly on the matter? I think not. I believe David saw things very clearly, and he saw how big God really is. When we see God at his true self, on our side fighting our battles for us, we won't be fearful of Satan as so many are in the day to day battles of life. What did David say was the reason he would win the battle? Not his power or his mighty ability to sling rocks with a slingshot. He saw the battle being the Lords.

1 Sam 17:45 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied.

1 Sam 17:46 This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.

1 Sam 17:47 And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is the Lord's, and he will give you into our hands.

I mentioned earlier that the battle was won when the children went at God's speed and in his will. We see 5 wars fought, and Israel won 4 out of five.

1. Amalek - King of the Amalekites Exo 17:8 Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim. Exo 17:13 And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.

2. Amalekites with Canaanites - Num 14:40 And they rose up early in the morning, and gat them up into the top of the mountain, saying, Lo, we be here, and will go up unto the place which the LORD hath promised: for we have sinned.

Num 14:41 And Moses said, Wherefore now do ye transgress the commandment of the LORD? but it shall not prosper.

Num 14:42 Go not up, for the LORD is not among you; that ye be not smitten before your enemies.

Num 14:43 For the Amalekites and the Canaanites are there before you, and ye shall fall by the sword: because ye are turned away from the LORD, therefore the LORD will not be with you.

Num 14:44 But they presumed to go up unto the hill top: nevertheless the ark of the covenant of the LORD, and Moses, departed not out of the camp.

Num 14:45 Then the Amalekites came down, and the Canaanites which dwelt in that hill, and smote them, and discomfited them, even unto Hormah.

3. Arad - King of the Canaanites Num 21:1 And when king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south, heard tell that Israel came by the way of the spies; then he fought against Israel, and took some of them prisoners. Num 21:2 And Israel vowed a vow unto the LORD, and said, If thou wilt indeed deliver this people into my hand, then I will utterly destroy their cities.

Num 21:3 And the LORD hearkened to the voice of Israel, and delivered up the Canaanites; and they utterly destroyed them and their cities: and he called the name of the place Hormah.

4. Sihon - King of the Amorites - Num 21:21 And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, saying,

Num 21:22 Let me pass through thy land: we will not turn into the fields, or into the vineyards; we will not drink of the waters of the well: but we will go along by the king's high way, until we be past thy borders.

Num 21:23 And Sihon would not suffer Israel to pass through his border: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and went out against Israel into the wilderness: and he came to Jahaz, and fought against Israel.

Num 21:24 And Israel smote him with the edge of the sword, and possessed his land from Arnon unto Jabbok, even unto the children of Ammon: for the border of the children of Ammon was strong.

5. Og - King of Bash which we read about in Num 21:32-35

II. We now see Israel in the plains of Moab.

Num 22:1 And the children of Israel set forward, and pitched in the plains of Moab on this side Jordan by Jericho.

The children of Israel camp in the plains of Moab on the east of Jordan by Jericho.

Num 22:2 And Balak the son of Zippor saw all that Israel had done to the Amorites.

Num 22:3 And Moab was sore afraid of the people, because they were many: and Moab was distressed because of the children of Israel.

Num 22:4 And Moab said unto the elders of Midian, Now shall this company lick up all that are round about us, as the ox licketh up the grass of the field. And Balak the son of Zippor was king of the Moabites at that time.

We see Balak, King of the Moabites becoming disturbed because of the success of Israel and sent a message to the elders of Midian concerning the danger they are faced with.

Num 22:7 And the elders of Moab and the elders of Midian departed with the rewards of divination in their hand; and they came unto Balaam, and spake unto him the words of Balak.

We see the elders of Moab and Midian sent to Balaam to try and hire him to curse Israel. Apparently, Balaam was seen to be a prophet endowed with special power. From verse 8 of Numbers 31, we can see that he was connected to the Midianites in some fashion.

Num 31:8 And they slew the kings of Midian, beside the rest of them that were slain; namely, Evi, and Rekem, and Zur, and Hur, and Reba, five kings of Midian: Balaam also the son of Beor they slew with the sword.

Gen 25:1 Then again Abraham took a wife, and her name was Keturah.

Gen 25:2 And she bare him Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah.

We see that Midian was one of the sons of Abraham born to his second wife, Keturah, and his name meant "Strife."

You know that in this life, we will face much strife, but it is certainly not good to bring more upon yourself than you should have to bear. When we turn from God's way and go our own way, it is a hard road that we bear. The Bible teaches us that we are bought with a price, and we should honor God with our lives. Paul told the church there at Corinth,


1 Cor 6:20 For ye are bought with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.

In the Roman letter, Paul again speaks of our need to serve God totally and wholly.

Rom 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service.

Rom 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be ye transformed by the renewing of your mind, that ye may prove what is that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God.


I heard a preacher quote D.L. Moody this week with the comment that some Christians are so Heavenly minded that they are no earthly good. We need to keep our minds on heavenly things, but we sure need to apply our lives down here to do the Will of God, just like Christ did in his life. If God had no reason for us to be here, he would take us out the moment we are saved. But we are God's workmanship, and he uses simple folks like you and I to accomplish his work here on earth.

Abraham's son Midian was the prognitor of the Arabians which are called the Midianites. Most of the influence that these people had on Israel was evil.

Num 25:6 And, behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought unto his brethren a Midianitish woman in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of all the congregation of the children of Israel, who were weeping before the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

Num 25:7 And when Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose up from among the congregation, and took a javelin in his hand;

Num 25:8 And he went after the man of Israel into the tent, and thrust both of them through, the man of Israel, and the woman through her belly. So the plague was stayed from the children of Israel.

Num 25:9 And those that died in the plague were twenty and four thousand.

God help us to leave children behind that bless God's people and help the work of the Lord. Our true impact on this earth will be made by our children and their children even more that our own lives. How serious a matter to raise them up properly to serve the true and living God that we might have a good name left behind for the good of Christians in the future.

Midian's descendants were know as wealthy people. We see this by the spoil that Moses and Gibeon take when defeating the Midianites.

Num 31:21 And Eleazar the priest said unto the men of war which went to the battle, This is the ordinance of the law which the LORD commanded Moses;

Num 31:22 Only the gold, and the silver, the brass, the iron, the tin, and the lead,

Num 31:23 Every thing that may abide the fire, ye shall make it go through the fire, and it shall be clean: nevertheless it shall be purified with the water of separation: and all that abideth not the fire ye shall make go through the water.

Judg 8:21 Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, Rise thou, and fall upon us: for as the man is, so is his strength. And Gideon arose, and slew Zebah and Zalmunna, and took away the ornaments that were on their camels' necks.

Judg 8:24 And Gideon said unto them, I would desire a request of you, that ye would give me every man the earrings of his prey. (For they had golden earrings, because they were Ishmaelites.)

Judg 8:25 And they answered, We will willingly give them. And they spread a garment, and did cast therein every man the earrings of his prey.

Judg 8:26 And the weight of the golden earrings that he requested was a thousand and seven hundred shekels of gold; beside ornaments, and collars, and purple raiment that was on the kings of Midian, and beside the chains that were about their camels' necks.

III. Joshua is appointed to take Moses' place.

Num 27:15 And Moses spake unto the LORD, saying,

Num 27:16 Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation,

Num 27:17 Which may go out before them, and which may go in before them, and which may lead them out, and which may bring them in; that the congregation of the LORD be not as sheep which have no shepherd.

Num 27:18 And the LORD said unto Moses, Take thee Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit, and lay thine hand upon him;

Num 27:19 And set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation; and give him a charge in their sight.

Num 27:20 And thou shalt put some of thine honour upon him, that all the congregation of the children of Israel may be obedient.

Num 27:21 And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel for him after the judgment of Urim before the LORD: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.

Num 27:22 And Moses did as the LORD commanded him: and he took Joshua, and set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation:

Num 27:23 And he laid his hands upon him, and gave him a charge, as the LORD commanded by the hand of Moses.

We see this was done at Moses' request. He wanted a man who was faithful and strong in the Lord to take his place We learn several things from this.

1. When we leave, God will always provide someone to take our place.

2. When we leave, we should be concerned about who are left behind and want the best for them/

3. God's work will go on regardless of what we think or do. No one person makes or breaks the

work of God. Brother Rushing used to have a saying about how quick God could replace us if

we thought we were irreplaceable in God's work. He said to put your fist into a bucket of water,

and pull it out as fast as you can. Watch how long it takes to fill in the gap left. He said that

is how fast God can replace us if we think we are indispensable. He was not making light

of our importance in God's work, but we are all that we are only by God's Grace and when we

are being led by the Spirit. It truly is all of God, not of ourselves. We need to let God use us

as he wills, in his power, in his time, in his work as he chooses.


IV. The Land of the east of Jordan is given to Reuben, Gad, and the half tribe of Manessah.

Num 32:1 Now the children of Reuben and the children of Gad had a very great multitude of cattle: and when they saw the land of Jazer, and the land of Gilead, that, behold, the place was a place for cattle;

Num 32:2 The children of Gad and the children of Reuben came and spake unto Moses, and to Eleazar the priest, and unto the princes of the congregation, saying,

Num 32:3 Ataroth, and Dibon, and Jazer, and Nimrah, and Heshbon, and Elealeh, and Shebam, and Nebo, and Beon,

Num 32:4 Even the country which the LORD smote before the congregation of Israel, is a land for cattle, and thy servants have cattle:

We see this good land was a land great for cattle. To raise cattle, you need good pasture land and lots of water. Apparently, this land was so designed. We know that Reuben and these others were all ranchers.

There were certain stipulations given in order for them to inherit the east side of Jordan.

Num 32:20 And Moses said unto them, If ye will do this thing, if ye will go armed before the LORD to war,

Num 32:21 And will go all of you armed over Jordan before the LORD, until he hath driven out his enemies from before him,

Num 32:22 And the land be subdued before the LORD: then afterward ye shall return, and be guiltless before the LORD, and before Israel; and this land shall be your possession before the LORD.

Num 32:23 But if ye will not do so, behold, ye have sinned against the LORD: and be sure your sin will find you out.

Num 32:24 Build you cities for your little ones, and folds for your sheep; and do that which hath proceeded out of your mouth.

Num 32:25 And the children of Gad and the children of Reuben spake unto Moses, saying, Thy servants will do as my lord commandeth.

God has certain ways he wants things done, and we have the responsibility to do things God's way, not man's way.

Prov 16:25 There is a way that seemeth right unto a man, but the end thereof are the ways of death.

V. Moses prepares for death.

We know that the Bible teaches us that there is a time for all things under the sun, and as sure as were are born, one day each of us will face death. The only ones who will not taste death will be those raptured out when Jesus comes back to earth. Moses faced death, and goes up into the mount Abarim.

Num 27:12 And the LORD said unto Moses, Get thee up into this mount Abarim, and see the land which I have given unto the children of Israel.

Num 27:13 And when thou hast seen it, thou also shalt be gathered unto thy people, as Aaron thy brother was gathered.

Num 27:14 For ye rebelled against my commandment in the desert of Zin, in the strife of the congregation, to sanctify me at the water before their eyes: that is the water of Meribah in Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin.

We see it mentioned again why Moses was not allowed to enter into the Promised Land. One disobedience of striking the rock rather than speaking to it. Little things that may seem insignificant to us are very important to God sometimes.

Abarim was a mountain on the range of highlands east of the Jordan in the land of Moab. It faced Jericho, and formed the eastern wall of the Jordan valley. We see in Deuteronomy that Moses went up the the top of Mt. Nebo, which is the highest point of the mountain range of Pisgah and died there.

Deu 34:1 And Moses went up from the plains of Moab unto the mountain of Nebo, to the top of Pisgah, that is over against Jericho. And the LORD showed him all the land of Gilead, unto Dan,

Deu 34:2 And all Naphtali, and the land of Ephraim, and Manasseh, and all the land of Judah, unto the utmost sea,

Deu 34:3 And the south, and the plain of the valley of Jericho, the city of palm trees, unto Zoar.

Deu 34:4 And the LORD said unto him, This is the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, saying, I will give it unto thy seed: I have caused thee to see it with thine eyes, but thou shalt not go over thither.

Deu 34:5 So Moses the servant of the LORD died there in the land of Moab, according to the word of the LORD.

Deu 34:6 And he buried him in a valley in the land of Moab, over against Bethpeor: but no man knoweth of his sepulchre unto this day.

Deu 34:7 And Moses was an hundred and twenty years old when he died: his eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.

Deu 34:8 And the children of Israel wept for Moses in the plains of Moab thirty days: so the days of weeping and mourning for Moses were ended.

We see that he died in the land of Moab and was buried. I think it was a great tribute that it mentions that he could still see well and his natural force was not abated. And the people mourned for their leader 30 days. He died after having been a blessing to others for many years. He was a great leader used of God. He got to see the Promised Land at a distance, but was not allowed to enter into the land and cross Jordan due to unbelief or disobedience.



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