INTERNET BIBLE STUDIES
Hebrew History Part 13
We continue our studies this week as we study "David and his Two Sons"
Over the past couple of weeks, we have seen how Judges came to rule in the nation of Israel and how that the people demanded to have a King like the rest of the nations, In our last study, we saw God grant their request and gave them Saul as the first King of Israel. This week we study the second king of Israel, David. David is one of the greatest of the old testament saints. He had the testimony that he was a man after Gods own heart. As we study, our goal should be to come to know God so closely and intimately that we too could have a heart so in tune with God that He would think so highly of us.
I Sam 16:1 And the LORD said unto Samuel, How long wilt thou mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill thine horn with oil, and go, I will send thee to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided me a king among his sons.1 Sam 16:2 And Samuel said, How can I go? if Saul hear it, he will kill me. And the LORD said, Take an heifer with thee, and say, I am come to sacrifice to the LORD.
1 Sam 16:3 And call Jesse to the sacrifice, and I will show thee what thou shalt do: and thou shalt anoint unto me him whom I name unto thee.
1 Sam 16:4 And Samuel did that which the LORD spake, and came to Bethlehem. And the elders of the town trembled at his coming, and said, Comest thou peaceably?
1 Sam 16:5 And he said, Peaceably: I am come to sacrifice unto the LORD: sanctify yourselves, and come with me to the sacrifice. And he sanctified Jesse and his sons, and called them to the sacrifice.
1 Sam 16:6 And it came to pass, when they were come, that he looked on Eliab, and said, Surely the Lord's anointed is before him.
1 Sam 16:7 But the LORD said unto Samuel, Look not on his countenance, or on the height of his stature; because I have refused him: for the LORD seeth not as man seeth; for man looketh on the outward appearance, but the LORD looketh on the heart.
1 Sam 16:8 Then Jesse called Abinadab, and made him pass before Samuel. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this.
1 Sam 16:9 Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither hath the LORD chosen this.
1 Sam 16:10 Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel. And Samuel said unto Jesse, The LORD hath not chosen these.
1 Sam 16:11 And Samuel said unto Jesse, Are here all thy children? And he said, There remaineth yet the youngest, and, behold, he keepeth the sheep. And Samuel said unto Jesse, Send and fetch him: for we will not sit down till he come hither.
1 Sam 16:12 And he sent, and brought him in. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful countenance, and goodly to look to. And the LORD said, Arise, anoint him: for this is he.
1 Sam 16:13 Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brethren: and the spirit of the LORD came upon David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah.
As we closed our lesson last week, we saw how that God had rejected Saul from being King over His people Israel and had Samuel anoint David as King. Saul had decided that since he was King that he could do things his way versus doing them Gods way, and it brought ruin to his personal life. When you or I fail to follow Gods commandments, we will face the same ruin that we see these saints of God happen to them in the Bible for our example.
1 Sam 17:15 But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem.
We see that at this time David did not possess the kingdom but returned home to his fathers sheep at Bethlehem.
1 Sam 18:5 And David went out whithersoever Saul sent him, and behaved himself wisely: and Saul set him over the men of war, and he was accepted in the sight of all the people, and also in the sight of Saul's servants.
1 Sam 18:6 And it came to pass as they came, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, that the women came out of all cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul, with tabrets, with joy, and with instruments of music.
1 Sam 18:7 And the women answered one another as they played, and said, Saul hath slain his thousands, and David his ten thousands.
We see that after the victory over Goliath, David became a great warrior in Israel and was victorious in many battles. I think part of the key was Davids total reliance on God and how that he behaved himself wisely. When we walk as Christians, people see that we are wise. When we go our own way, we become foolish as was the case of Saul. Remember where Davids strength came in his battle with Goliath?
1 Sam 17:45 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied.
1 Sam 17:46 This day will the LORD deliver thee into mine hand; and I will smite thee, and take thine head from thee; and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day unto the fowls of the air, and to the wild beasts of the earth; that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel.
1 Sam 18:3 Then Jonathan and David made a covenant, because he loved him as his own soul.
I think it is worthy to note that this was perfect and pure love, not like many in todays society like to annotate this to mean. David and Jonathan were not homosexuals, but both good men who loved the Lord. It is a sad state of affairs when this has to be mentioned, but many today want to justify their ungodly ways by using examples of wrong in the Bible. There was no wrong in this relationship, as there is no wrong in any Christian Brother loving another in the Lord or a Christian woman loving another Christian woman with pure Christian love. Only a sad society bent on doing things there way would even think of something so vile. But in the last days we are to expect this.
2 Tim 4:3 For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears;
2 Tim 4:4 And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables.
Rom 1:21 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened.
Rom 1:22 Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,
Rom 1:23 And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.
Rom 1:24 Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves:
Rom 1:25 Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen.
Rom 1:26 For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature:
Rom 1:27 And likewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in their lust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, and receiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was meet.
Rom 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
Rom 1:29 Being filled with all unrighteousness, fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder, debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers,
Rom 1:30 Backbiters, haters of God, despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents,
Rom 1:31 Without understanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful:
Rom 1:32 Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.
In the verse there in I Samuel, we see that David being attached to the royal court proved to be very profitable for him in several respects. First his military exploits distinguished himself by leading Israelite army units in successful attacks against the Philistines. Secondly, his personal relationship with Jonathan (Sauls son), was one of the most noble friendships documented in the Old Testament. This friendship served in helping David to know that Saul intended to put him to death.
1 Sam 20:1 And David fled from Naioth in Ramah, and came and said before Jonathan, What have I done? what is mine iniquity? and what is my sin before thy father, that he seeketh my life?
1 Sam 20:2 And he said unto him, God forbid; thou shalt not die: behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, but that he will show it me: and why should my father hide this thing from me? it is not so.
1 Sam 20:3 And David sware moreover, and said, Thy father certainly knoweth that I have found grace in thine eyes; and he saith, Let not Jonathan know this, lest he be grieved: but truly as the LORD liveth, and as thy soul liveth, there is but a step between me and death.
1 Sam 20:4 Then said Jonathan unto David, Whatsoever thy soul desireth, I will even do it for thee.
1 Sam 20:5 And David said unto Jonathan, Behold, to morrow is the new moon, and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat: but let me go, that I may hide myself in the field unto the third day at even.
1 Sam 20:6 If thy father at all miss me, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me that he might run to Bethlehem his city: for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family.
1 Sam 20:7 If he say thus, It is well; thy servant shall have peace: but if he be very wroth, then be sure that evil is determined by him.
1 Sam 20:8 Therefore thou shalt deal kindly with thy servant; for thou hast brought thy servant into a covenant of the LORD with thee: notwithstanding, if there be in me iniquity, slay me thyself; for why shouldest thou bring me to thy father?
1 Sam 20:9 And Jonathan said, Far be it from thee: for if I knew certainly that evil were determined by my father to come upon thee, then would not I tell it thee? .. read entire chapter for full content
1 Sam 20:41 And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded.
1 Sam 20:42 And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as we have sworn both of us in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and thee, and between my seed and thy seed for ever. And he arose and departed: and Jonathan went into the city.
We see in Chapter 20 that Jonathan and David were very close, and Jonathan kept David posted as to what was happening with his father concerning David.
1 Sam 21:1 Then came David to Nob to Ahimelech the priest: and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David, and said unto him, Why art thou alone, and no man with thee?
After David flees to Ahimelech, he becomes a fugitive and wanderer.
1 Sam 22:1 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard it, they went down thither to him.
1 Sam 22:2 And every one that was in distress, and every one that was in debt, and every one that was discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men.
David became a captain over his fathers house and others gathered unto him in the cave of Adullam as we just read. David had at least 2 occasions where he had the opportunity to kill Saul, but he refused and said "God forbid that I should touch the anointed of the Lord."
III. David Becomes King over Judah
2 Sam 2:1 And it came to pass after this, that David inquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the LORD said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And he said, Unto Hebron.
2 Sam 2:2 So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal's wife the Carmelite.
2 Sam 2:3 And his men that were with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron.
2 Sam 2:4 And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, That the men of Jabeshgilead were they that buried Saul.
David was from the tribe of Judah and becomes the king over this tribe. We see that David received his instructions directly from the Lord there in verse 1. God spoke to the Old Testament saints like that in those days, but today God speaks to man via His Word.
Titus 1:3 But hath in due times manifested his word through preaching, which is committed unto me according to the commandment of God our Saviour;
2 Sam 2:8 But Abner the son of Ner, captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim;
2 Sam 2:9 And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel.
2 Sam 2:10 Ishbosheth Saul's son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David.
2 Sam 2:11 And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.
After Ishbosheth was made king over Israel, there was a civil war between Judah and the other tribes. Abner, who was Sauls general, lead the battle against David. After Ishbosheth rebuked Abner for going in unto his fathers concubine, Abner flees to David. We then see Joab, Davids General, taking Abner to the side and smiting him under the fifth rib.
2 Sam 3:27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth rib, that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.
We see in II Samuel chapter 3 that David laments over Abner.
2 Sam 3:33 And the king lamented over Abner, and said, Died Abner as a fool dieth?
2 Sam 3:38 And the king said unto his servants, Know ye not that there is a prince and a great man fallen this day in Israel?
2 Sam 5:1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.
2 Sam 5:2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.
2 Sam 5:3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.
2 Sam 5:4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.
2 Sam 5:5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.
We see that 2 of Ish-bosheths captains found him asleep on his bed and they smite him under the fifth rib so that he died. After killing him, they cut off his head and take it to David in Hebron.
2 Sam 4:5 And the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, went, and came about the heat of the day to the house of Ishbosheth, who lay on a bed at noon.
2 Sam 4:6 And they came thither into the midst of the house, as though they would have fetched wheat; and they smote him under the fifth rib: and Rechab and Baanah his brother escaped.
2 Sam 4:7 For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, and they smote him, and slew him, and beheaded him, and took his head, and gat them away through the plain all night.
2 Sam 4:8 And they brought the head of Ishbosheth unto David to Hebron, and said to the king, Behold the head of Ishbosheth the son of Saul thine enemy, which sought thy life; and the LORD hath avenged my lord the king this day of Saul, and of his seed.
David then had the murderers of Ish-bosheth put to death. He kills these murderers to get Israel on his side. At this time, David becomes the king over all Israel in Hebron.
2 Sam 4:12 And David commanded his young men, and they slew them, and cut off their hands and their feet, and hanged them up over the pool in Hebron. But they took the head of Ishbosheth, and buried it in the sepulchre of Abner in Hebron.
VI. David Captures Jerusalem
2 Sam 5:6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither.
2 Sam 5:7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.
2 Sam 5:8 And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.
2 Sam 5:9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward.
2 Sam 5:10 And David went on, and grew great, and the LORD God of hosts was with him.
2 Sam 5:11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.
2 Sam 5:12 And David perceived that the LORD had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel's sake.
We see that 200 years after the children of Israel entered into Canaan, David captures Jerusalem. He makes it his capital for several reasons. First it was a neutral city. No one had ever taken it and it belonged to no specific tribe. It was centrally located between the northern and southern tribes. It had a long religious tradition. Melchezadec lived there and Mt. Moriah was located there. (Mt. Moriah was the mountain that Abraham had went up to offer Isaac when God stopped him and provided the ram in the bush.) And Jerusalem was a natural fortress.
2 Sam 7:1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies;
2 Sam 7:2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.
2 Sam 7:3 And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.
2 Sam 7:4 And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying,
2 Sam 7:5 Go and tell my servant David, Thus saith the LORD, Shalt thou build me an house for me to dwell in?
2 Sam 7:6 Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.
2 Sam 7:7 In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed my people Israel, saying, Why build ye not me an house of cedar?
2 Sam 7:8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto my servant David, Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over my people, over Israel:
2 Sam 7:9 And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth.
2 Sam 7:10 Moreover I will appoint a place for my people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime,
2 Sam 7:11 And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over my people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that he will make thee an house.
2 Sam 7:12 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.
2 Sam 7:13 He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.
David had a heart after God, and really wanted to build God a house. But because of the blood on his hands, Solomon was the one who built the Temple. This prophecy of his son building a house for my name in verse 13 pointed to Solomon building the temple, but it also pointed to Jesus Christ, the greater son, who built the church. We see in I Chronicles 28 why David was not allowed to build the temple.
1 Chr 28:3 But God said unto me, Thou shalt not build an house for my name, because thou hast been a man of war, and hast shed blood.
2 Sam 11:2 And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.
2 Sam 11:3 And David sent and inquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?
2 Sam 11:4 And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house.
2 Sam 11:5 And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said, I am with child.
While David was a great man, he suffered from the sin of lust with this beautiful woman Bathsheba. All of us must protect ourselves not to get in trouble with the sins of the flesh. Satan will tempt us all, but if we will look to God, He will provide us a way of escape. David had many wives and many concubines, but this woman turned out to cause him to sin many times in the initial act of adultery and the attempt to cover up the sin. This sin caused the sword to never depart from Davids house. We see Gods longsuffering in waiting on David to repent. Did God bring judgement when David committed the act of adultery? No. Did he bring judgement when he had Joab and others killed in battle to cover up his sin? No. Did he bring judgement when the baby was born? No. It was at least a year from the original sin when Nathan the prophet was sent to David with a story that shook David to his toes.
2 Sam 12:1 And the LORD sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor.
2 Sam 12:2 The rich man had exceeding many flocks and herds:
2 Sam 12:3 But the poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and nourished up: and it grew up together with him, and with his children; it did eat of his own meat, and drank of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter.
2 Sam 12:4 And there came a traveller unto the rich man, and he spared to take of his own flock and of his own herd, to dress for the wayfaring man that was come unto him; but took the poor man's lamb, and dressed it for the man that was come to him.
2 Sam 12:5 And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man; and he said to Nathan, As the LORD liveth, the man that hath done this thing shall surely die:
2 Sam 12:6 And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.
2 Sam 12:7 And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, I anointed thee king over Israel, and I delivered thee out of the hand of Saul;
David, Thou Art the Man. Can you imagine the pain that brought. When judgement comes it is never fun, and sin will bring judgement if we do not confess and forsake our evil ways.
We see Davids son Absalom steal away 10 of the tribes in II Samuel 15
2 Sam 15:1 And it came to pass after this, that Absalom prepared him chariots and horses, and fifty men to run before him.
2 Sam 15:2 And Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the way of the gate: and it was so, that when any man that had a controversy came to the king for judgment, then Absalom called unto him, and said, Of what city art thou? And he said, Thy servant is of one of the tribes of Israel.
2 Sam 15:3 And Absalom said unto him, See, thy matters are good and right; but there is no man deputed of the king to hear thee.
2 Sam 15:4 Absalom said moreover, Oh that I were made judge in the land, that every man which hath any suit or cause might come unto me, and I would do him justice!
2 Sam 15:5 And it was so, that when any man came nigh to him to do him obeisance, he put forth his hand, and took him, and kissed him.
2 Sam 15:6 And on this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment: so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel.
Later we see David weeping over Absalom as the sword continues to never depart like prophesied.
2 Sam 18:33 And the king was much moved, and went up to the chamber over the gate, and wept: and as he went, thus he said, O my son Absalom, my son, my son Absalom! would God I had died for thee, O Absalom, my son, my son!
1 Ki 2:33 Their blood shall therefore return upon the head of Joab, and upon the head of his seed for ever: but upon David, and upon his seed, and upon his house, and upon his throne, shall there be peace for ever from the LORD.
2 Sam 23:5 Although my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow.
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