John – Lesson 10 John Chapter 6:1-36

Memory verse for this week: Numbers 32:23 But if ye will not do so, behold, ye have sinned against the LORD: and be sure your sin will find you out.


In the last part of John Chapter 5, Jesus took on the unbelieving Jews and told them directly that unless they believed on Him, they would not be saved and come to the Father. He told them that another would come that was not true, and they would accept him. He was speaking of the Antichrist. This week we get into the sixth chapter which is a lengthy chapter, and see the Lord declaring to the people how that He is the Bread of Life.


I. The Feeding of the Five Thousand

We see that a great multitude were following Christ in the first two verses.

John 6:1 After these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias.

John 6:2 And a great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased.

Verse one says "After these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee". This speaks of how he had left Jerusalem which we read about in Chapter 5 and journeyed up the east side of the Jordan River. We know that Jesus was continually being followed by a crowd. Some in the crowd were interested only in seeing taking part in His miracles. Some came who desired to be healed. Many today are following him for different reasons in this hour, but few are following Him because they love Him. Some come to receive a feeling of blessing from the church message, some come to truly worship the Lord. What is your reason for following Christ? Is it to keep your conscience soothed, or is it because you love God and desire to serve Him. God help us to be people who serve God with a true heart, and worship him with honesty and truth.

John 6:3 And Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he sat with his disciples.

John 6:4 And the passover, a feast of the Jews, was nigh.

John 6:5 When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great company come unto him, he saith unto Philip, Whence shall we buy bread, that these may eat?

I thought of how we question the motives of many of these who followed the Lord up to this mountain, but I think it is highly commendable that they would leave the comforts of home and go out and face spending the night in the desert to be near the Lord. We all get so entangled in the ways of the world, that many would not consider going away for a day to hear Jesus’ teachings. How we need to desire to hear God’s Word. In his commentary on John, John Calvin said "First of all, we see how keen people were to hear Christ, as they were all unconcerned about themselves and quite prepared to spend the night in the desert. So our indifference, or rather sloth, is the more inexcusable when we give way to hunger pangs in preference to heavenly teaching, so that the slightest interruption immediately stops us meditating on the heavenly life. It is very rare for Christ to find us free and disentangled from the world. We are all very far from being prepared to follow Christ to a desert mountain. In fact, hardly one in ten of us could bear to welcome him into the comforts of our homes when he comes."

We see in verse 5 that Jesus asks Philip, "Whence shall we buy bread, that these may eat?" Jesus already knew the answer, but this was a test of Philip. Philip was a quiet disciple and had little to say. Philip and Andrew seemed to be men of few words, but full of deeds. On this day, Jesus selects him out to question. There are times when the Lord comes to us and seeks us to do something for the Lord. Is your heart tender to that leading today? I know that the Holy Spirit promises to lead us into all truth, and He knocks on our heart’s door and guides us to do things for the Lord each day. Maybe it is to witness to the lost man or woman at work, or to call the struggling Christian who is not in the Lord’s house faithfully on Sunday because Satan is still winning the fleshly battle. But if we are not listening, we won’t make the call, we won’t visit the sick, and we sure won’t testify about the Gospel.

Jesus was not asking advice of Philip, but rather testing to see what his answer would be. Most likely, they all knew that in the treasury, they had about 200 pennies. These were called denarius in Rome, and one denarius represented about one day’s wage for a common laborer.

John 6:6 And this he said to prove him: for he himself knew what he would do.

John 6:7 Philip answered him, Two hundred pennyworth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may take a little.

In another account of the Gospel, it says that the disciples advised the Lord to send the multitude away. Isn’t that sort of the way we tend to want to do things sometimes in the church. Instead of letting the Pastor seek the Lord's Will in a matter, we come up with recommendations based upon our worldly knowledge. And many times we don’t have the total picture and truly lack the spiritual discernment to make decisions like these. Jesus didn’t need to be told what to do by the disciples, what He needed was some men willing to believe and be waiters. Many desire positions of authority in the church. But we don’t need a board of directors in the church, but we need men and women who are willing to get to work and serve the multitude. And I think it is worthy to note that not all that followed here that were fed were saved people, but many that did not truly know Jesus as Lord and Savior. By our love, they will know we are Christians. Our lives should model the Lord Jesus Christ.

John 13:35 By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.

1 John 3:14 We know that we have passed from death unto life, because we love the brethren. He that loveth not his brother abideth in death.

1 John 3:15 Whosoever hateth his brother is a murderer: and ye know that no murderer hath eternal life abiding in him.

1 John 3:16 Hereby perceive we the love of God, because he laid down his life for us: and we ought to lay down our lives for the brethren.

1 John 3:17 But whoso hath this world's good, and seeth his brother have need, and shutteth up his bowels of compassion from him, how dwelleth the love of God in him?

1 John 3:18 My little children, let us not love in word, neither in tongue; but in deed and in truth.

John 6:8 One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, saith unto him,

John 6:9 There is a lad here, which hath five barley loaves, and two small fishes: but what are they among so many?

John 6:10 And Jesus said, Make the men sit down. Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand.

It is so commendable that even after a full day of working with the people, Jesus cared enough for these two disciples to take them aside and teach them a great lesson. We should learn from this to take time away from the world and come aside and learn more about Jesus. Both in quiet times at home, and every opportunity when the doors of the church are open. Remember what Paul said to young Timothy in 2 Timothy Chapter 3:15.

2 Tim 3:15 And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus.

2 Tim 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:

2 Tim 3:17 That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works.

Philip and Andrew looked at the situation and said it was hopeless. What would 200 pennies do for buying food for upwards of 15,000 people. What would 2 small fishes and five barley loaves do for such a multitude. Philip saw a lack of money, and Andrew saw a lack of food. But what was not factored in was Jesus. Jesus plus our meager abilities provide great results. We don’t have to have much when we have Jesus, because He can supply our every need. What we need is faith to believe.

Mark 9:23 Jesus said unto him, If thou canst believe, all things are possible to him that believeth.

Mark 10:27 And Jesus looking upon them saith, With men it is impossible, but not with God: for with God all things are possible.

Mark 10:28 Then Peter began to say unto him, Lo, we have left all, and have followed thee.

Mark 10:29 And Jesus answered and said, Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my sake, and the gospel's,

Mark 10:30 But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life.

Phil 4:10 But I rejoiced in the Lord greatly, that now at the last your care of me hath flourished again; wherein ye were also careful, but ye lacked opportunity.

Phil 4:11 Not that I speak in respect of want: for I have learned, in whatsoever state I am, therewith to be content.

Phil 4:12 I know both how to be abased, and I know how to abound: every where and in all things I am instructed both to be full and to be hungry, both to abound and to suffer need.

Phil 4:13 I can do all things through Christ which strengtheneth me.

John 6:11 And Jesus took the loaves; and when he had given thanks, he distributed to the disciples, and the disciples to them that were set down; and likewise of the fishes as much as they would.

John 6:12 When they were filled, he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that remain, that nothing be lost.

John 6:13 Therefore they gathered them together, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves, which remained over and above unto them that had eaten.

John 6:14 Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, This is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world.

We see the multitude, somewhere near 15,000 total (5,000 men with their women, and children), are fed by Jesus. It is important to notice how this was done. First Jesus gave thanks for the food. We should always offer a prayer of thanks for the food God gives us daily. I think it is highly commendable to those who go out to eat in public places and still pray. Not to be seen of men, but to show reverence to the Lord. We see after Jesus prayed, the people were seated, and he broke the food and gave the loaves to the disciples to distribute. It was the disciples who went out and took the food to the people. We can see a typification of the church in this. Jesus has left the Gospel to us, and it is our responsibility, to go out and preach that Gospel to the world. Not the pastor’s job anymore than you or I. We may want to send the pastor to do the job, but it does not take away our need to do our part. And we see that there was food left over after all were filled, also speaking of how Jesus’ blood that was shed was enough for all mankind. Anyone who will come to Jesus with a repentant heart can be saved. It takes faith, and with that faith, we can believe on Jesus for eternal life. Just like the food for all was provided by God, the salvation for all mankind is free, and it is totally and wholly of God.

In verse 14, this miracle caused the people to realize that Jesus was "that prophet" that was to come into the world. Oh that people today could see Jesus for who He truly is. The sinless, virgin born Savior of the world.


  1. Jesus Walks on the Sea

John 6:15 When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone.

Jesus’ hour was not yet come to be the king of this world. In this time period, Jesus never took the throne of David. But as we mentioned last week, the day is coming, and soon will be, when Jesus will be on that throne. King of Kings, and Lord of Lords will be written on his thigh.

Rev 19:11 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.

Rev 19:12 His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

Rev 19:13 And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God.

Rev 19:14 And the armies which were in heaven followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.

Rev 19:15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God.

Rev 19:16 And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS.

To see some of the verses about his time in the perfect timing of God. see John 5:24-28, 12:23-35, 17:1-3., and 18:36

John 6:16 And when even was now come, his disciples went down unto the sea,

John 6:17 And entered into a ship, and went over the sea toward Capernaum. And it was now dark, and Jesus was not come to them.

Christ’s disciples went down to the sea and left without the Lord. I’m afraid that many times I get up in the morning and leave the Lord behind by my actions as I head off to work. I don’t always start my day with prayer, and we need to do that. As Daniel did every day as was his custom, we need to pray to the Lord. We need help to walk a circumspect life before others in this wicked world, and without God there every step of the way, we will fail. Daniel set an example of how to pray, and even when they threatened by the King’s decree to put him to death, Daniel kept on praying three times a day to the Lord. He didn’t look at the external, horizontal view. He had a vertical view. We need to get on that line and see God for who He is, and put our lives in His hand. What can man do to us. Sure, they can cause us trouble, like they did Daniel. But was Daniel not protected by God. God will never leave us nor forsake us, but by our lack of faith we many times act like he will pull up ship and leave us on the shore. He will not.

Dan 6:10 Now when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his house; and his windows being open in his chamber toward Jerusalem, he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime.

If there was a law passed that if we assembled to study the Bible, you would go to jail, would you still come to church? Daniel faced death, but still stayed true to the Lord. God help us for faith like this man.


John 6:18 And the sea arose by reason of a great wind that blew.

John 6:19 So when they had rowed about five and twenty or thirty furlongs, they see Jesus walking on the sea, and drawing nigh unto the ship: and they were afraid.

John 6:20 But he saith unto them, It is I; be not afraid.

John 6:21 Then they willingly received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was at the land whither they went.

It says that there was a great wind that blew and a storm came upon the ship. You can be certain in this life that one storm will not end before another comes along. This old life is full of trials and troubles. Job said that man born of woman is of few days and full of troubles.

Job 14:1 Man that is born of a woman is of few days, and full of trouble.

Job 14:2 He cometh forth like a flower, and is cut down: he fleeth also as a shadow, and continueth not.

Praise the Lord that when we face the storms of this life, we can rest assured that Jesus will see us through them all. As Jesus came walking out after midnight to the disciples, in our darkest hour, Jesus will be there for us.

Heb 13:5 Let your conversation be without covetousness; and be content with such things as ye have: for he hath said, I will never leave thee, nor forsake thee.

Heb 13:6 So that we may boldly say, The Lord is my helper, and I will not fear what man shall do unto me.

John 6:35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.

John 6:36 But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not.

John 6:37 All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.

John 6:38 For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me.


Jesus told the disciples to not fear, that it was He. What a blessing to hear the voice of the Savior in our hour of storm. And it says that after he entered the ship, that there was a great calm. When Jesus is on the scene, things take on a whole different perspective. Why in the world do we tend to go out on our own power, when Jesus is there to help us if we will but ask.

John 15:5 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for without me ye can do nothing.


III.  Jesus is the Bread of Life.

John 6:22 The day following, when the people which stood on the other side of the sea saw that there was none other boat there, save that one whereinto his disciples were entered, and that Jesus went not with his disciples into the boat, but that his disciples were gone away alone;

John 6:23 (Howbeit there came other boats from Tiberias nigh unto the place where they did eat bread, after that the Lord had given thanks:)

John 6:24 When the people therefore saw that Jesus was not there, neither his disciples, they also took shipping, and came to Capernaum, seeking for Jesus.

John 6:25 And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said unto him, Rabbi, when camest thou hither?

We see that the people look out and can not find Jesus. There was no other ship, and Jesus was not there. And they load up into other boats and head across to Capernaum seeking for Jesus. I don’t know about you, but where Jesus is, is the place I want to be. I believe the people were astonished that Jesus was there, since no other ship had left to go to Capernaum after the disciples had left.

John 6:26 Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but because ye did eat of the loaves, and were filled.

John 6:27 Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed.

Jesus told them that they sought Him for the wrong reasons. We should not come around to see miracles or to be fed. I’m afraid many in religious circles today come to church to be entertained. But Jesus is not pleased, and God is not glorified when we do not come to worship God. As Jesus tells these, we need to labor not for meat that perishes (physical food), but we need to seek after the eternal meat which endures forever. Only Jesus can give us that "eternal food" that forever lasts.


John 6:28 Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God?

John 6:29 Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent.

John 6:30 They said therefore unto him, What sign showest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou work?

John 6:31 Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.

John 6:32 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.

John 6:33 For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.

John 6:34 Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread.

John 6:35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.

John 6:36 But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not.


Jesus rebuked those that came to him for the wrong reasons. The people still seek to see more signs and miracles. What more did they need to see. People were healed of diseases, the blind were made to see, the thousands were fed with a miracle like the manna from heaven. Jesus gives these a great command… "Believe on him whom he hath sent" If we could give good advice to anyone, it would be to believe on Jesus Christ for salvation. As Jesus promised in verse 35, we will never hunger from a spiritual thirst when we know Jesus as our Lord and Savior.


Internet Bible Studies are prepared and distributed free of charge. The lessons may not be sold without consent. If you have questions or wish to discuss the lessons, or possibly need help in finding Jesus Christ as your Personal Lord and Savior, contact David Parham at 940-322-4343.

Prov 4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.

e-mail at:

Return to Home Page:

Practice Random Acts of Kindness. Each act spreads, and many will be blessed.