John Chapter 19:1-20
Memory verses for this week:
Isa 26:3 Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace,
whose mind is stayed on thee: because he trusteth in thee.
In our last study, we saw Jesus going through a trial which was
effectively a mockery. So many rules and laws were broken, and we
closed finding Pilate trying to release Jesus, but the mob cried out
for Jesus to be crucified. Pilate was forced to condemn Christ to
death. But he did not want to do this. He could find no fault in
Christ (because there was none), but the religious leaders had so
driven the crowd to seek Christ’s death that they cried out to release
Barabbas rather than Jesus.
The Crown of
this chapter we see a great miscarriage of justice. Rome was noted
through out the world for its justice. On every Roman official’s
desk, there was the little figure of the two-faced god, Janus. One
face looked forward and the other face looked backward. While this
was a false god, it reminded every judge in Rome to look at both sides
of the question. It is of interest to note that our calendar’s first
month, January, was named after Janus reminding us to look back at the
old year and forward to the new year. Rome ruled the world for nearly
one thousand years. When the Romans took over a people, they promised
them good roads, law and order, protection, and peace—but life would
be under a dictatorship. Rome ruled with an iron hand. In Roman
courts the innocent got justice, and the guilty got justice—not mercy,
but justice. The interesting thing that makes this such an anomaly is
that the trial of Jesus was one of the greatest miscarriages of
justice ever recorded. *
John 19:1 Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and scourged him.
John 19:2 And the soldiers platted a crown of thorns, and put it on
his head, and they put on him a purple robe,
John 19:3 And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with
sure many of you have seen pictures of Jesus hanging on the cross,
depicting his death as someone envisioned it. But the one thing that
can not be conveyed by these pictures is the horrible beating that our
Lord took. He was beaten to the point that caused him to even loose
his look as a man. (See verse 5) If Jesus was innocent, he should
have been released. If guilty, he should have been crucified. But
where did this scourging come in?
From “Thru the Bible Series.. John” by J. Vernon McGee
Pilate scourges Christ, then the soldiers plat a mock crown, one of
thorns and pushed those thorns into our dear Lord’s head. And to make
a greater mockery of Him, they put on a purple robe, one that would
depict royalty, and called out, “Hail, King of the Jews” as they beat
him unmercifully. Jesus was not viewed as the true king of the
Jews, but He was. And one day, the nation of Israel will recognize
Him as the Savior of the World. They were blinded in Christ’s day,
and even today, they do not realize that they missed the suffering
servant who came as their Messiah almost 2,000 years ago.
Zec 13:6 And one shall say unto him, What are these wounds in thine
hands? Then he shall answer, Those with which I was wounded in the
house of my friends.
II. The Man
John 19:4 Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them,
Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I find no
fault in him.
John 19:5 Then came Jesus forth, wearing the crown of thorns, and the
purple robe. And Pilate saith unto them, Behold the man!
John 19:6 When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they
cried out, saying, Crucify him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them,
Take ye him, and crucify him: for I find no fault in him.
Jesus comes before Pilate wearing the crown of thorns and the purple
robe. He had been beaten again and again unmercifully. Why did he
have to pay such a price? It was those stripes that we are made
free. By Jesus’ stripes, we have the just paying the price of sin for
Isa 52:14 As many were astonied at thee; his visage was so marred
more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men:
1 Pet 2:24 Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the
tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by
whose stripes ye were healed.
think that it is very important that the very one who tried Jesus
could find “no fault in him”. We know that Jesus was God himself
manifested in the flesh, and Jesus is the only one who ever lived
without sin. Pilate asked many questions, and did his best to let
Christ go, but we see that the people cried out “Crucify him, Crucify
him.” This was one time in the Roman courts when justice was not
given. Note the verses in Matthew 27:15-25.
John 19:7 The Jews answered him, We have a law, and by our law he
ought to die, because he made himself the Son of God.
John 19:8 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the more
John 19:9 And went again into the judgment hall, and saith unto
Jesus, Whence art thou? But Jesus gave him no answer.
see God’s chosen people, the Jews, crying out that Jesus be put to
death. Pilate in all that I can see tried to be honest and fair.
When he hears that Jesus had claimed to be the “Son of God”, it brings
fear to him, and he brings Jesus back into the judgment hall. I
think Pilate wanted out of this very bad, but there seemed to be no
way that he could find to free Jesus. And some things are meant to
be, and Jesus was going to go to Calvary to die for our sins. Pilate
and all the armies of this world would not stop Jesus from doing the
very will of the Father. We see that at the question of “Whence art
thou?”, Jesus replies not a word.
John 19:10 Then saith Pilate unto him, Speakest thou not unto me?
knowest thou not that I have power to crucify thee, and have power to
John 19:11 Jesus answered, Thou couldest have no power at all against
me, except it were given thee from above: therefore he that delivered
me unto thee hath the greater sin.
Pilate can not understand Christ. He is outraged that Jesus does not
reply to his question. He wants to let Christ go, and explains that
he has that power. Jesus answered and explained that if God was not
in it, Pilate would have to power to condemn him. And while Pilate
was wrong in doing what he did, the Jews were more wrong in that they
had witnessed the power of God in Christ’s life. How many people had
been fed, how many blind now could see, how many with illnesses unto
death were now alive and healthy? Jesus had done nothing but good,
even His teachings in the temple and synagogue were beyond any earthly
teacher. But still they desired that He die.
Mark 1:21 And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the
sabbath day he entered into the synagogue, and taught.
Mark 1:22 And they were astonished at his doctrine: for he taught
them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes.
Rom 13:1 Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there
is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.
Rom 13:2 Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the
ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves
John 19:12 And from thenceforth Pilate sought to release him: but the
Jews cried out, saying, If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar's
friend: whosoever maketh himself a king speaketh against Caesar.
John 19:13 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus
forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the
Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha.
see that from that point on, Pilate knew that he should release Christ
and he sought a way to do so. But those who should have loved Jesus
the most cried out to crucify Him. They even use some psychology on
Pilate and say “If thou let this man go, thou art not Caesar’s
friend.” Not many people know that Jesus went to Gabbatha before He
went to Golgotha, but he did. He was brought to the judgment seat in
a place called the pavement. (Gabbatha in Hebrew)
Isa 53:8 He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall
declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the
living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.
Isa 53:9 And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in
his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in
Isa 53:10 Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to
grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see
his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD
shall prosper in his hand.
Isa 53:11 He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be
satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many;
for he shall bear their iniquities.
Isa 53:12 Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and
he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out
his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and
he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
King of Rejection
John 19:14 And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the
sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!
John 19:15 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify
him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief
priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.
John 19:16 Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified.
And they took Jesus, and led him away.
was so sad to see Jesus condemned at the time of the preparation of
the passover, but we know that Jesus is the one who allows God to
“passover” our sins and by the imputed righteousness of Christ, we can
come unto God. John Phillips in his book on the Gospel of John made
some interesting observations about Pilate and this trial.
Jews had now changed their tactics. They had the measure of their
man. They pressed a political charge instead of a religious charge.
The Caesars would not tolerate sedition or even the suspicion of
sedition. Woe betide any provincial governor who was lenient with
insurrectionists. As for anyone claiming to be a king, the Caesars
expected swift judgment to be meted out to him. Pilate had already
acquitted Jesus of being a serious rival to Caesar. But by now the
Jewish leaders had organized the mob. The multitude cried out and
raised a shout. It was like one loud, unified cry rather than a
discordant noise. Pilate was far more afraid of Caesar than he was of
Jesus, more concerned with being “Caesar’s friend” than in being a
friend to this stranger whose destiny, so he thought, lay in his
hands. Judas sold Christ for money. Caiaphas sold him out of
religious prejudice. Pilate sold him in order to hang onto his job.
People still sell him for material gain, for wrong religion, for
godless friendship—for a handful of tinsel or a round of applause.”
Hosea 3:4 For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a
king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an
image, and without an ephod, and without teraphim:
John 19:17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called
the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:
John 19:18 Where they crucified him, and two others with him, on
either side one, and Jesus in the midst.
want you to know that Jesus bore it all for us. What great love He
showed as he went “bearing his cross.” How do we measure up in our
day to day lives? It says that we are to take up our cross daily,
speaking of putting the physical man to death that the spiritual might
live. I fail God on so many occasions. But I praise God that Jesus
never fails. I know everyone who has visited Jerusalem comes back
talking about this place of the skull called Golgotha. In the rock
is an image of a man’s skull. On this hill, on Mount Calvary, we see
our Savior going to die for the sins of this world. God put on Him
what we truly could not pay. Sin has a price, and if we don’t come
to Jesus in this life, we must pay the awful price of separation from
God for eternity in the flames of Hell. How can anyone not love
Jesus? What great love the Father has shown to let the only begotten
Son of God die that we might live. Jesus died between two
malefactors, men who should have died. But Jesus was not guilty, but
hung there in shame and humiliation for you and me.
John 19:19 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the
writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.
John 19:20 This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where
Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in
Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.
Pilate wrote out a title that many did not like… “Jesus of Nazareth..
the King of the Jews” He was the King of the Jews, and He should be
king of your heart and life today. One day, every knee will bow and
every tongue will proclaim that Jesus is Lord of Lords, and King of
Kings. Jesus was crucified nigh to the city, and all read the sign in
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