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John Chapter 13: 20-38 

Memory verse for this week: Psa 37:25 I have been young, and now am old; yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread.

Introduction: Last week, we saw Christ come to the feast of the passover, as his time drew near for his ultimate death on the cross of Calvary. We discussed how that finally His time had come, and that now Jesus would fulfill the lifelong purpose to sacrifice Himself for all men and women that we might have forgiveness of our sins. Only Christ has ever lived a perfect life.


I. The Declaration that Jesus Came from God

John 13:19 Now I tell you before it come, that, when it is come to pass, ye may believe that I am he.

John 13:20 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me.

Jesus’ desire for his disciples, and for you and me, is for all of us to believe that He was the true Messiah, the only Begotten Son of God. You and I have all the scriptures to prove that Jesus was exactly who He claimed to be, but the disciples had only what they had seen and learned. (Plus the Old Testament prophecies.) You would think after seeing hundreds of miracles performed, that their faith would have been strong. But as the time drew near for Christ to die, it appears that their faith was very weak. Jesus tells them that those that receive (or accept) Jesus accept the Father who sent Him, and the Father would in turn receive them No one is saved by the faith of the messenger or the preacher. We are saved by hearing the Word of God and receiving Christ.


II. Jesus Foretells His Denial

John 13:21 When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.

John 13:22 Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spake.


We all think of Jesus as God, and well He was and is. But during this time, he dwelt in flesh like you and I. And he faced the same temptations and feelings that we face. The only difference was that he never sinned. Here, we see him troubled in spirit, and he tells them that one of his own disciples would be the one to betray Him.

Heb 4:14 Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.

Heb 4:15 For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.

Heb 4:16 Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.

Jesus was deeply troubled that Judas was going to betray him. You and I affect one another, either for the good or the bad. If we face trials and we show faith in God, it is an encouragement to those who know us. If we are weak, and blame God for our failures, we can be a stumbling block, especially to our younger brothers and sisters in Christ. Here, Judas was a great disappointment to the Lord. Perhaps Judas had been involved to the point of leading others to Christ for salvation, and now he would turn against the only one who could save him. I know of a pastor who led a church for several years, led many souls to the Lord, attended the seminary to prepare for the ministry, and did not know Jesus as his Personal Savior. Thank the Lord, he finally did come to Christ and is really being used of the Lord today. Is that not amazing? God’s Gospel is not lacking in power. If the Gospel is preached, it can penetrate the lost man or woman’s heart, and they can come to know Christ.

Think how the disciples, those who loved the Lord with all their heart, must have felt when they found out that one of them was about to betray the Lord. Man by man, I’m sure they thought of each one that might be the traitor. Then, they wondered if it could be them.

John 13:23 Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

John 13:24 Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask who it should be of whom he spake.

John 13:25 He then lying on Jesus' breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?

We know that the disciple that Jesus loved was none other than John, the writer of this account of the Gospel. Apparently, Peter stood across the room and signaled for John to ask the Lord who it would be that would forsake him.


John 13:26 Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.

John 13:27 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.

Jesus tell him that it will be the one that he hands the bread (dipped in the sop) to that will be the one that was to betray him. It was customary in those days for the host of a banquet to take a piece of bread, dip it in the sauce, and present it to the guest of honor. So in effect, Judas is honored by Christ with this gesture. He is extending to him the token of friendship. Judas is at the crossroads. Jesus leaves the door open to the very end. Even when they came to take him, Jesus still called Judas "friend."

Mat 26:48 Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he: hold him fast.

Mat 26:49 And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master; and kissed him.

Mat 26:50 And Jesus said unto him, Friend, wherefore art thou come? Then came they, and laid hands on Jesus, and took him. 

John 13:28 Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him.

John 13:29 For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor.

John 13:30 He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night.

We see that Judas leaves at this time to go to betray the Lord. The other disciples think nothing of it, since they trusted him, possibly more than any other disciple. It was Judas who was their treasurer, the one who kept up with the money. While money was not necessarily what corrupted Judas, many have fallen by the wayside due to their greed and lust for money. God help us all to never put much significance on coins and dollars. It says that many thought he might have gone out to buy food or to go and give to the poor.

J. Vernon McGee said this about these verses. "Satan took over this man Judas gradually. I don’t think that Satan ever takes a man suddenly. There are many little falls that permit Satan to move in gradually. Then finally he takes over. The Lord gave Judas an opportunity to accept Him, but Judas turned his back on the Lord. Then Satan moved in and took him over completely. Judas made his own decision. God never sends a man to hell unless that man first of all sends himself there. You see, God ratifies human decision; God seconds the motion. When a man says that he accepts Christ, God says "I second it; I receive you." When a man rejects Christ, as Judas did here, God has no choice but to reject us. Jesus asks him to leave quickly. Having made his decision, he is not beyond the control of God. In fact, having made his decision, he is compelled to cooperate with God. You see, the religious rulers didn’t want to arrest Jesus and crucify Him while the crowds were there during the feat. They wanted to wait until the feast was over. But our Lord tells him to go now and do it quickly. So Judas must go out and tell the leaders that he has been found out, and they must move quickly.

John 13:31 Therefore, when he was gone out, Jesus said, Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in him.

John 13:32 If God be glorified in him, God shall also glorify him in himself, and shall straightway glorify him.

John 13:33 Little children, yet a little while I am with you. Ye shall seek me: and as I said unto the Jews, Whither I go, ye cannot come; so now I say to you.

We see that Jesus acknowledges that the time has come when He would be glorified, and it so doing it, He would glorify God. Our actions, our every action of our existence, should so be dedicated that we honor and glorify God with our lives. So many times, we fall short. Jesus came to do the very will of the Father, and He never failed one time. Jesus warns them that he will be with them for just a little while longer, and then He would go away to the Father. While we can not go to Him, he can come and take us home. Praise the Lord for salvation in Christ.

From the time Christ was a child, his heartbeat had been to do his Father’s Will.

Luke 2:41 Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover.

Luke 2:42 And when he was twelve years old, they went up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast.

Luke 2:43 And when they had fulfilled the days, as they returned, the child Jesus tarried behind in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not of it.

Luke 2:44 But they, supposing him to have been in the company, went a day's journey; and they sought him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance.

Luke 2:45 And when they found him not, they turned back again to Jerusalem, seeking him.

Luke 2:46 And it came to pass, that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions.

Luke 2:47 And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers.

Luke 2:48 And when they saw him, they were amazed: and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing.

Luke 2:49 And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? wist ye not that I must be about my Father's business? 

John 13:34 A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.

John 13:35 By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.

This is the way that we can know that we are true disciples, and that is by our love. Do you show love to your brothers and sisters in Christ? How about to those that have yet to come to know Christ as Savior? I believe it is not so difficult to love those that love you back, but to love those that despise and abhor you, that is a test. Jesus loves all men, women, boys and girls. He does not love their sin, but He loves their souls. Oh that we might be more like Jesus, and that everyone could look upon us and say "That person has been with the Master."

John 13:36 Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, whither goest thou? Jesus answered him, Whither I go, thou canst not follow me now; but thou shalt follow me afterwards.

John 13:37 Peter said unto him, Lord, why cannot I follow thee now? I will lay down my life for thy sake.

John 13:38 Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down thy life for my sake? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, The cock shall not crow, till thou hast denied me thrice.

We see that Peter is sure that he will stand by the Lord until the end. But Jesus warns him that he would not only deny him, but would deny him three times before the cock crew. Sometimes, even when we feel strong, we are actually weak. As the Bible teaches us, we need to look to God for all things, especially the faith to follow our Lord faithfully everyday

1 Cor 10:11 Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.

1 Cor 10:12 Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.

1 Cor 10:13 There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.

James 4:13 Go to now, ye that say, To day or to morrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain:

James 4:14 Whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. For what is your life? It is even a vapour, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away.

James 4:15 For that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that..


Internet Bible Studies are prepared and distributed free of charge. The lessons may not be sold without consent. If you have questions or wish to discuss the lessons, or possibly need help in finding Jesus Christ as your Personal Lord and Savior, contact David Parham at 940-322-4343.

Prov 4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth more and more unto the perfect day.

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