Matthew CHAPTER 10
Memory verses for
this week: 1 Cor 15:57 But thanks be to
God, which giveth us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.
last week’s lesson, we studied about Jesus healing the various people
with afflictions from the palsy to issues of blood. He made the blind
to see. We also saw Christ call Matthew from being a tax collector
to be a disciple. God uses all kinds of people in the ministry.
I. Twelve Disciples
Instructed and Sent Forth
Mat 10:1 And when he had called unto
him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits,
to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of
Mat 10:2 Now the names of the twelve
apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew
his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother;
Mat 10:3 Philip, and Bartholomew;
Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and
Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus;
Mat 10:4 Simon the Canaanite, and
Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him.
chose these 12 men. If a person belongs in the ministry, there will
be a call of the Lord in their life. These men were given special
power to cast out unclean spirits and to heal all manner of
sickness. Power hear means they were given authority.
Mat 28:18 And Jesus came and spake
unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
Christ names the
twelve by name. Apostle means to be one sent forth. This is the
first time that the followers of Christ were known as apostles.
Until now, those called were known as disciples. Disciple means ‘a
follower.’ It means much more when it comes to being a true
disciple. We have to be dedicated, and live a consecrated and
sanctified life if we want to be known as Jesus’ disciple.
Iscariot was one of the twelve, Jesus already knew he would be the one
who would betray him.
II. The Twelve
Apostles Limited on This Journey
Mat 10:5 These twelve Jesus sent
forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the
Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not:
Mat 10:6 But go rather to the lost
sheep of the house of Israel.
Mat 10:7 And as ye go, preach,
saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand.
As we have studied
many times, the Jews were God’s chosen nation. And Christ sends the
apostles unto them first. The instructions were to go to the Jews,
not to the Gentiles nor the Samaritans. The Samaritans were a half
breed that originated from the northern kingdom of Israel while Judah
and Israel were captive in Babylon.
J. Vernon McGee said
this about verse 7.
How could it be “at hand”? It was at
hand in the person of the King—He was in their midst.
At the turn of the century and at the
conclusion of the Victorian era, there was a feeling of optimism
throughout the so-called Christian world. All of the major
denominations at that time took on the Herculean task of “building the
Kingdom of Heaven” here on this earth. Each group thought that they
had a contract from God to accomplish this purpose. Of course, the
church was never called to build the Kingdom. The Lord Jesus Christ
Himself will establish the Kingdom when He returns to the earth. The
church is a called-out body from the world to manifest Christ and to
preach His gospel throughout the world. Kingdom business is none of
The Kingdom of Heaven is within us when we
III. The Twelve
Mat 10:8 Heal the sick, cleanse the
lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received,
Mat 10:9 Provide neither gold, nor
silver, nor brass in your purses,
Mat 10:10 Nor scrip for your
journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the
workman is worthy of his meat.
instructed to go. We as a church are commissioned to go unto all the
world and preach the gospel.
Mat 28:18 And Jesus came and spake
unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.
Mat 28:19 Go ye therefore, and teach
all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son,
and of the Holy Ghost:
Mat 28:20 Teaching them to observe
all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you
alway, even unto the end of the world. Amen.
Acts 8:4 Therefore they that were
scattered abroad went every where preaching the word.
The apostles were to
preach the gospel, although not all will hear. God chose this method
to reach the lost of the world.
1 Cor 1:18 For the preaching of the
cross is to them that perish foolishness; but unto us which are saved
it is the power of God.
1 Cor 1:19 For it is written, I will
destroy the wisdom of the wise, and will bring to nothing the
understanding of the prudent.
1 Cor 1:20 Where is the wise? where
is the scribe? where is the disputer of this world? hath not God made
foolish the wisdom of this world?
1 Cor 1:21 For after that in the
wisdom of God the world by wisdom knew not God, it pleased God by the
foolishness of preaching to save them that believe.
1 Cor 1:22 For the Jews require a
sign, and the Greeks seek after wisdom:
1 Cor 1:23 But we preach Christ
crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks
1 Cor 1:24 But unto them which are
called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom
1 Cor 1:25 Because the foolishness
of God is wiser than men; and the weakness of God is stronger than
Matthew Henry gave the following comments about the
power given to the apostles.
He gave them power,
authority in his name, to command men to obedience, and for the
confirmation of that authority, to command devils too into a
subjection. Note, All rightful authority is derived from Jesus Christ.
All power is given to him without limitation, and the subordinate
powers that be are ordained of him. Some of his honour he put on his
ministers, as Moses put some of his on Joshua. Note, It is an
undeniable proof of the fullness of power which Christ used as
Mediator, that he could impart his power to those he employed, and
enable them to work the same miracles that he wrought in his name. He
gave them power over unclean spirits, and over all manner of
sickness. Note, The design of the gospel was to conquer the
devil and to cure the world. These preachers were sent out
destitute of all external advantages to recommend them; they had no
wealth, nor learning, nor titles of honour, and they made a very mean
figure; it was therefore requisite that they should have some
extraordinary power to advance them above the scribes.
(1.) He gave them
power against unclean spirits, to cast them out. Note, The
power that is committed to the ministers of Christ, is directly
leveled against the devil and his kingdom. The devil, as an unclean
spirit, is working both in doctrinal errors (Rev. 16:13), and in
practical debauchery (2 Pt. 2:10); and in both these, ministers have a
charge against him. Christ gave them power to cast him out of the
bodies of people; but that was to signify the destruction of his
spiritual kingdom, and all the works of the devil; for which
purpose the Son of God was manifested.
(2.) He gave them
power to heal all manner of sickness.
He authorized them to work miracles for the confirmation of their
doctrine, to prove that it was of God; and they were to work useful
miracles for the illustration of it, to prove that it is not only
faithful, but well worthy of all
acceptation; that the design of the gospel is to heal and save.
Moses’s miracles were many of them for destruction; those Mahomet
pretended to, were for ostentation; but the miracles Christ wrought,
and appointed his apostles to work, were all for edification, and
evince him to be, not only the great Teacher and Ruler, but the great
Redeemer, of the world. Observe what an emphasis is laid upon the
extent of their power to all manner of sickness, and all
manner of disease, without the exception even of those that are
reckoned incurable, and the reproach of physicians. Note, In the grace
of the gospel there is a salve for every sore, a remedy for every
malady. There is no spiritual disease so malignant, so inveterate, but
there is a sufficiency of power in Christ, for the cure of it. Let
none therefore say there is no hope, or that the breach is wide as the
sea, that cannot be healed.
Mat 10:11 And into whatsoever city
or town ye shall enter, inquire who in it is worthy; and there abide
till ye go thence.
Mat 10:12 And when ye come into an
house, salute it.
Mat 10:13 And if the house be
worthy, let your peace come upon it: but if it be not worthy, let your
peace return to you.
Mat 10:14 And whosoever shall not
receive you, nor hear your words, when ye depart out of that house or
city, shake off the dust of your feet.
Mat 10:15 Verily I say unto you, It
shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha in the day
of judgment, than for that city.
The apostles were to
go from city to city. They were instructed that if the people would
not hear their message, they were to shake off the dust form their
feet. It is important to hear the word of God. One day, when the
lost stand before God, they will regret not hearing the gospel.
IV. The Apostles
are Warned of Persecution to Come
10:16 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye
therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves.
Mat 10:17 But beware of men: for
they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in
Mat 10:18 And ye shall be brought
before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them
and the Gentiles.
Mat 10:19 But when they deliver you
up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given
you in that same hour what ye shall speak.
The early Christians
suffered much persecution for their allegiance to Jesus Christ. But
they were no greater than their Lord, and he suffered first. Christ
sent them forth as harmless witnesses to the lost who were referred to
wolves. But they were to go forth in wisdom and recognize what they
were up against. Jesus told them that if they were called before
governors and kings because of their testimony, in that day God would
give them the words to speak. What examples we have in the word of
God where Paul spoke with such effectiveness and authority towards
those who he had opportunity to witness. By the power of the Holy
Spirit, these were to speak the truth without fear of man.
Mat 10:20 For it is not ye that
speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you.
Mat 10:21 And the brother shall
deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the
children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put
Mat 10:22 And ye shall be hated of
all men for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be
Mat 10:23 But when they persecute
you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye
shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be
Mat 10:24 The disciple is not above
his master, nor the servant above his lord.
Mat 10:25 It is enough for the
disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If
they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more
shall they call them of his household?
Mat 10:26 Fear them not therefore:
for there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; and hid,
that shall not be known.
Mat 10:27 What I tell you in
darkness, that speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, that
preach ye upon the housetops.
Mat 10:28 And fear not them which
kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him
which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell.
Mat 10:29 Are not two sparrows sold
for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without
Mat 10:30 But the very hairs of your
head are all numbered.
Mat 10:31 Fear ye not therefore, ye
are of more value than many sparrows.
Christ warns them of
what they will face, and that how God will be with them in that hour.
He encourages them and promises that they are much more valuable than
God knows all that
happens, and nothing skips by him. He truly cares about you and I.
V. The 12 Apostles
Encouraged to Remain Faithful
Mat 10:32 Whosoever therefore shall
confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which
is in heaven.
Mat 10:33 But whosoever shall deny
me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in
Mat 10:34 Think not that I am come
to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.
Mat 10:35 For I am come to set a man
at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother,
and the daughter in law against her mother in law.
Mat 10:36 And a man's foes shall be
they of his own household.
The one thing God
instructs us to do when we are saved is to confess Christ before
others. We are commanded to be proud of our allegiance to Christ, and
to be faithful to Him. Because Christ divides, he warns us that we
may have our own families divided due to our becoming a Christian.
Salvation changes a person, and our wants and desires change when we
become a new creature. We will no longer want to run with those who
are doing things that are against God, and they will not understand
why we have changed. But by our Godly lives, we may reach them with
W. A. Criswell in the
notes of the Believers Bible said this:
10:34 Jesus is not denying
the personal peace which comes to those who have received Christ (Rom.
8:6). The history of Christianity has verified the claim of Jesus that
men would be divided harshly, even within family units, over the
gospel of Christ. No division is any more clearly drawn than that
between holiness and sinfulness.
Mat 10:37 He that loveth father or
mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or
daughter more than me is not worthy of me.
Mat 10:38 And he that taketh not his
cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me.
Mat 10:39 He that findeth his life
shall lose it: and he that loseth his life for my sake shall find it.
Mat 10:40 He that receiveth you
receiveth me, and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me.
Mat 10:41 He that receiveth a
prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophet's reward; and
he that receiveth a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall
receive a righteous man's reward.
Mat 10:42 And whosoever shall give
to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the
name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose
God teaches that we
are to love Him above all others. The person who does not follow
Christ and be dedicated to His cause is not worthy of Jesus. All who
faithfully follow Christ shall be rewarded to the judgment seat of
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4:18 But the path of the just is as the shining light, that shineth
more and more unto the perfect day.
e-mail at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Practice Random Acts of Kindness. Each act spreads, and many will be
Vernon McGee, Thru the Bible
commentary [computer file], electronic ed., Logos Library System,
(Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1981 by J. Vernon McGee.
Matthew, Matthew Henry’s
Commentary on the Bible,
(Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers) 1997.
Criswell, Believer’s study
Bible [computer file], electronic ed. , Logos Library System,
(Nashville: Thomas Nelson) 1997, c1991 by the Criswell Center for